Rough Collie – More information about this breed
- Other names Collie, Scottish Collie, Long-Haired Collie, English collie, lassie dog
- Country of origin United Kingdom (Scotland)
- Weight Male 20 to 34 kg (45 to 75 lb)
- Weight Female 15.8 to 29 kg (35 to 65 lb)
- Height Male 55.8 to 66 cm (22 to 26 in)
- Height Female 50.8 to 61 cm (21 to 26 in)
- Coat long double coat
- Color sable, mahogany sable, shaded sable, tri-coloured, blue merle, sable merle, colour headed white, double merle
- Life span 12 to 15+ years
- Litter Size 6 to 10
Three coat colours are recognised for Rough Collies: sable and white, where the “sable” ranges from pale tan to a mahogany; tricolour, which is primarily black edged in tan; blue merle, which is mottled gray. All have white coat areas, in the collar, parts of the leg, and usually the tail tip. Some may have white blazes on their faces.
One of the characteristic features of the Rough Collie is its head. This is light in relation to the rest of the body, and resembles a blunted wedge tapering smoothly from ears to black nose, with a distinct stop and parallel head planes. The muzzle is well rounded, and never square. There is considerable variation in the colour of the head, however. The eyes are medium sized and almond shaped. The ears are supposed to be semi-prick, with the upper third folded over.
Ears which do not ‘tip’ properly are fairly common, and many collies have their ears taped as puppies (using medical adhesive or paper tape) to encourage them to lay properly- no cutting or surgery is involved.
Once seen, the contrast between the Rough Collie head and that of a Border Collie is immediately apparent, the latter having a considerably shorter muzzle and a more distinct stop between muzzle and forehead. The ruff is also distinctive in distinguishing the two breeds.
Rough collies should show no nervousness or aggression, and are generally good with children and other animals. However, they must be well socialised to prevent shyness. They are medium to large sized dogs, but can be well suited to live in small apartments because of their calm disposition. Like many herding dogs, collies can be fairly vocal, and some are difficult to train not to bark. The amount of herding instinct varies, with some dogs being quite drivey and others calmer.
Rough Collies are very loyal and may be one-family dogs (although most make exceptions for children), but are very rarely aggressive or protective beyond barking and providing a visual deterrent. They are typically excellent with children as long as they have been well-socialised and trained. They are eager to learn and respond best to a gentle hand.
The collie is prone to eye defects and skin infections. As with most of the larger breeds, hip dysplasia is a potential concern for Rough Collies.