English Mastiff

English Mastiff - More information about this breed

English-Mastiff6

  • Other names Mastiff, Old English Mastiff
  • Country of origin England
  • Weight Male 150 to 250 pounds (68 to 113 kg)
  • Weight Female 120 to 200 pounds (54 to 91 kg)
  • Height Male 30-35 inches (75 cm) minimum
  • Height Female 27-32 inches (69 cm) minimum
  • Coat Fine, smooth
  • Color apricot-fawn, silver-fawn, fawn, or dark fawn-brindle
  • Life span 7+ years
  • Litter Size 2 to 5

 

Description

With a massive body, broad skull and head of generally square appearance, it is the largest dog breed in terms of mass. Though the Irish Wolfhound and Great Dane are taller, they are not nearly as robust. The body is large with great depth and breadth, especially between the forelegs, causing these to be set wide apart.

 

Variants

The former standard specified the coat should be short and close-lying (though long haired Mastiffs, called “Fluffies”, are occasionally seen) and the colour is apricot-fawn, silver-fawn, fawn, or dark fawn-brindle, always with black on the muzzle, ears, and nose and around the eyes.

The colours of the Mastiff coat are differently described by various kennel clubs, but are essentially fawn or apricot. A black mask should occur in all cases. The fawn is generally a light “silver” shade, but may range up to a golden yellow. The apricot may be a slightly reddish hue up to a deep, rich red. The brindle markings should ideally be heavy, even and clear stripes, but may actually be light, uneven, patchy, faint or muddled. Pied Mastiffs occur rarely. Other non-standard colours include black, blue brindle, and chocolate (brown) mask. Most of the colour faults are recessive, though black is so rare in the Mastiff that it cannot be certain if it is recessive, or a mutation that is dominant.[

 

Temparament

Sydenham Edwards about the Mastiff :

“What the Lion is to the Cat the Mastiff is to the Dog, the noblest of the family; he stands alone, and all others sink before him. His courage does not exceed his temper and generosity, and in attachment he equals the kindest of his race. His docility is perfect; the teazing of the smaller kinds will hardly provoke him to resent, and I have seen him down with his paw the Terrier or cur that has bit him, without offering further injury. In a family he will permit the children to play with him, and suffer all their little pranks without offence. The blind ferocity of the Bull Dog will often wound the hand of the master who assists him to combat, but the Mastiff distinguishes perfectly, enters the field with temper, and engages in the attack as if confident of success: if he overpowers, or is beaten, his master may take him immediately in his arms and fear nothing.

 

Health Issues

The Mastiff is a particularly large dog demanding correct diet and exercise. Excessive running is not recommended for the first two years of the dog’s life, in order not to damage the growth plates in the joints of this heavy and fast-growing dog, which in some weeks may gain over 5 lb. The Mastiff is prone to hip dysplasia, gastric torsion. Minor problems may include obesity, osteosarcoma, and cystinuria. Problems only occasionally found include cardiomyopathy, vaginal hyperplasia, cruciate and ligament rupture.

 

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