The Cardigan Welsh corgi is one of two separate dog breeds known as Welsh corgis that originated in Wales, the other being the Pembroke Welsh corgi. It is one of the oldest herding breeds.
Cardigan Welsh corgis can be extremely loyal family dogs. They are able to live in a variety of settings, from apartments to farms. For their size, however, they need a surprising amount of daily physical and mental stimulation. Cardigans are a very versatile breed and a wonderful family companion.
The Cardigan is a long, low dog with upright ears and a fox brush tail. The old American Kennel Club standard called it an “Alsatian on short legs. The Cardigan’s tail is long (unlike the Pembroke Welsh corgi, whose tail may be long, naturally bobbed or docked. Herding instincts and trainability can be measured at noncompetitive herding tests. Corgis exhibiting basic herding instincts can be trained to compete in herding trials
Cardigans come in a variety of colors including any shade of red, sable, or brindle, as well as black, with or without tan, brindle or blue merle, with or without tan or brindle points. Other unofficial colors can occur, such as red merle, but these colors are not considered acceptable per the Cardigan standard. They usually have white on the neck, chest, legs, muzzle, underneath, tip of the tail and as a blaze on the head, known as the “Irish pattern. Other markings include ticking on the legs and muzzle, smutty muzzles and monk’s hoods, especially on sables (a pattern of darker tipped hairs over a basic red coat color.
Originally bred for farm work, including herding sheep and cattle. Cardigan Welsh corgis were bred long and low to make sure that any kicks by cattle would travel safely over the dogs’ heads without touching them. Known as “a big dog in a small package.
Cardigans are highly intelligent, active, athletic dogs.
They have proven themselves as excellent companion animals, Cardigans are affectionate, devoted companions that can also be alert and responsible guardians. If socialized at a young age, they can be nice with other dogs and housepets. Some Cardigan corgis are ‘one-man dogs’.[ Competitive in sheepdog trials, dog agility, competitive obedience and rally obedience.
Guard Dogs Cardigans are typically excellent watchdogs, as they are highly alert to the approach of strangers to their territory, and will be very vocal until they and/or their owner are assured that the stranger poses no threat. They tend to be wary of strangers and to reserve their affection for a select few with whom they are familiar.
The most common causes of death for the breed were cancer (28.3%), old age (24.6%), and neurological disorders (15.2%).