As a spitz breed, the appearance of the Akita reflects cold weather adaptations essential to their original function. This breed is a substantial breed for its height with heavy bones. Characteristic physical traits of the breed include a large, bear-like head with erect, triangular ears set at a slight angle following the arch of the neck. Additionally, the eyes of this breed are small, dark, deeply set and triangular in shape. This breed has thick double coats, and tight, well knuckled cat-like feet.Their tails are carried over the top of the back in a gentle or double curl down the loin.
There are two coat types in this breed, the standard coat length and the long coat. The long coat is considered a fault in the show ring, however, they still make good pets. The long coat, also known as ‘Moku’ is the result of an autosomal recessive gene and may only occur phenotypically if both sire and dam are carriers. They have longer (about 3–4 inches in length) and softer coats and are known to have sweeter temperaments.
It is territorial about its property, and can be reserved with strangers. It is feline in its actions; it is not unusual for this breed to clean its face after eating, to preen its kennel mate, and to be fastidious in the house. They are known to be intolerant of other dogs of the same gender, as stated in the AKC breed standard.
It’s sensitive to vision problems, night blindness, inward rolling lids, hip dysplasia, anesthesia, and sometimes type one diabetis.